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Olympus OM-D E-M10 The smallest and lightest Micro Four Thirds camera from Olympus with an integrated Electronic Viewfinder

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  #31  
Old 6th December 2016
AMc AMc is offline
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Re: Beginner, trying to learn on mirrorless camera

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Originally Posted by shutterspeed View Post
I've continued taking more photos and what I've found is that using the flash, makes a massive difference as the photos aren't blurry or out-of-focus. Why is this the case?
It's simply the amount of light hitting the sensor. If you want to shoot with a faster shutter speed to freeze the action then you let less light on to the sensor. You can compensate for this with a wider aperture (lower f number) and/or increasing the ISO which results in more noise.
The flash provides a powerful, quick blast of light which allows the sensor to capture the image more effectively.

If you set your camera to A (aperture priority) and set ISO to auto, then open the aperture as wide as it will go the camera will tell you what shutter speed and ISO it needs to properly expose the image. If the shutter speed is too slow then you need to use the flash or consider using a lens with a wider aperture. To shoot indoors in winter without flash I'm usually using an f2.8 or f1.7 lens with the aperture more or less wide open.

If you set the camera to S (Shutter priority) and ISO on auto and choose a 1/250th speed the camera will try and choose a suitable aperture but indoors with the standard zoom lens it will often indicate the shot will be under exposed. You can compensate a little by turning on lights etc but that's why your camera has a flash.
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  #32  
Old 7th December 2016
Harold Gough Harold Gough is offline
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Re: Beginner, trying to learn on mirrorless camera

If you want more control of flash exposure try shooting in cameras manual mode. Select 1/250 sec and the aperture you want and let the flash metering control the exposure.

For this, and for any lighting regime, be very cared which part of your subject the camera is metering. Don't point it (the metering sector) at very dark or very light areas.

Harold
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  #33  
Old 7th December 2016
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Beagletorque Beagletorque is online now
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Re: Beginner, trying to learn on mirrorless camera

Robin Wong spends a lot of time "processing" his shots to give that pop and colour. It helps that he shoots in a very sunny climate and out side. I see you use a version of Photoshop so you can also manipulate the pictures to improve colour and contrast. Just use the sliders on the right hand side to make what you like. There will never be enough light in the house to get good photos of your baby just from the sun (not this time of year anyway!), but you can use any room lights, table lamps, work lights, fairy lights. iPad with white screen or laptop/monitor, (phone flash LED from a distance or you'll blind them) etc (as many as possible) to get the ambient light as high as you can. You can even use mirrors and tin foil to reflect more light. Use a white sheet behind the baby to help keep the exposure up. Get closer to take the photo and fill the frame with the subject. The more pixels that cover the subject the sharper it will look in the final print. Flash light can be very harsh, but you can defuse it with a tissue or white paper/material to make things look more natural. Practice with a baby sized item in your "mini studio" and when you are happy you can swap the baby in and it will still be smiling when you have the right settings!
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